Polanyi, Michael

Polanyi, Michael
(1891-1976)
   A Christian scientist and philosopher of science whose book Personal Knowledge developed a post-critical epistemology that has been influential within modern theology, Polanyi attacked Enlightenment conceptions of reason in science by emphasising factors such as community, personal commitment and aesthetic sense. He also stressed fallibilism in his influential definition of 'personal knowledge': 'I may hold firmly to what I believe to be true, even though I know that it might conceivably be false' (1974: 214). Moreover, Polanyi has carefully defended critical realism, thereby avoiding the antirealist concerns associated with the work of Thomas Kuhn. In The Tacit Dimension Polanyi explored the range of conceptual and sensory information that shape our cognitive life, identifying the extent to which tacit knowledge transcends our ability to articulate and conceptualise it. In Meaning, his final work, Polanyi counters scientism by arguing that science gains meaning from the wider cultural sphere of the creative imagination, including theology. In all his work Polanyi challenged the hegemonic rule of science by identifying the full range of human experience. He has had a significant impact on theologians seeking a 'post-critical' epistemology. Polanyi has also attracted attention from conservative Protestant theologians and philosophers, although he himself was most attracted to Tillich's articulation of Christian belief.
   Further reading: Gelwick 1977; Polanyi 1974 and 1983; Polanyi and Prosch 1975

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • POLANYI, MICHAEL — (1891–1976) British physical chemist and philosopher. Born in Budapest, Polyani was educated at the extraordinarily successful Minta Gymnasium. He entered the University of Budapest to study medicine (1908) but his interest in physical chemistry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Polanyi, Michael — (1891 1976)    Hungarian chemist and philosopher. He studied at the University of Budapest and worked on the chemisty of liquids and thermodynamics. He later emigrated to Germany and worked at Karlsruhe University and subse quently the Kaiser… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • POLANYI, Michael — (1891 1976)    Hungarian chemist and philosopher whose works, such as Personal Knowledge (1958), have played an important role in modern debates about the relationship between RELIGION and SCIENCE …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Michael Polanyi — In England, 1933 Born Polányi Mihály March 11, 1891(1891 03 11) Budapest, Austria Hungary …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Polanyi — Nacimiento 11 de marzo de 1891 Budapest …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michael Polanyi — (Polányi Mihály (ungarische Namensfolge); * 12. März 1891 in Budapest; † 22. Februar 1976 in Manchester) war ein ungarisch britischer Chemiker und Philosoph. Der W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michaël Polanyi — Michael Polanyi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. Michael Polanyi Michael Polanyi (1891 1976) était un polymathe et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polanyi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Polanyi puede hacer referencia a: Personajes Karl Polanyi (1886 1964), fue un científico social, antropólogo económico y crítico de la economía ortodoxa austríaco John Charles Polanyi (1929) es un químico… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Michael Polanyi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Polanyi. Michael Polanyi (1891 1976) était un polymathe et épistémologue hongrois qui s est intéressé à la chimie, la philosophie et à l économie. Penseur libéral, il a participé au colloque Walter Lippmann en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polanyi — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Polanyi est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Karl Polanyi (1886 1964), économiste d origine hongroise, socialiste influencé par le marxisme et …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”